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๐—ง๐—›๐—˜ ๐—›๐—ฌ๐—ฃ๐—ข๐—ง๐—›๐—”๐—Ÿ๐— ๐—œ๐—– ๐—ฃ๐—œ๐—ง๐—จ๐—œ๐—ง๐—”๐—ฅ๐—ฌ ๐—”๐——๐—ฅ๐—˜๐—ก๐—”๐—Ÿ (๐—›๐—ฃ๐—”) ๐—”๐—ซ๐—œ๐—ฆ



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The Hypothalamic Pituitary Adrenal (HPA) Axis is a crucial neuroendocrine system involved in the body's stress response.


During violent confrontations, the HPA axis plays a significant role in preparing the body to respond to perceived threats and danger.


Here's how the HPA axis functions in relation to violent confrontations......


๐—ฃ๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ๐—ฝ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ง๐—ต๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐˜.........When you perceive a threat or experience fear during a violent confrontation, the hypothalamus, (a region of the brain), detects this threat and activates the HPA axis.


๐—ฅ๐—ฒ๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐˜€๐—ฒ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—–๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐˜๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ฝ๐—ถ๐—ป ๐—ฅ๐—ฒ๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐˜€๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ด ๐—›๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฒ (๐—–๐—ฅ๐—›).............The hypothalamus releases corticotropin releasing hormone (CRH) in response to the perceived threat. CRH acts on the anterior pituitary gland, stimulating it to produce adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH).


๐—ฅ๐—ฒ๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐˜€๐—ฒ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—”๐—ฑ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐—ป๐—ผ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฐ๐—ผ๐˜๐—ฟ๐—ผ๐—ฝ๐—ถ๐—ฐ ๐—›๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐—บ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฒ (๐—”๐—–๐—ง๐—›)............ACTH is released into the bloodstream and travels to the adrenal glands, which are located on top of the kidneys. ACTH stimulates the adrenal glands to produce and release cortisol, the primary stress hormone.


๐—ฅ๐—ฒ๐—น๐—ฒ๐—ฎ๐˜€๐—ฒ ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—–๐—ผ๐—ฟ๐˜๐—ถ๐˜€๐—ผ๐—น..........Cortisol is released into the bloodstream and exerts a wide range of effects on the body in response to stress. It increases heart rate, blood pressure, and blood sugar levels, providing the body with the energy and resources needed to respond to the threat.


๐— ๐—ผ๐—ฏ๐—ถ๐—น๐—ถ๐˜€๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ฅ๐—ฒ๐˜€๐—ผ๐˜‚๐—ฟ๐—ฐ๐—ฒ๐˜€..........Cortisol mobilises energy stores, such as glucose and fatty acids, from tissues like the liver and adipose tissue, making them available for immediate use by muscles and other organs involved in the stress response.


๐—ฆ๐˜‚๐—ฝ๐—ฝ๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐˜€๐˜€๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ก๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—˜๐˜€๐˜€๐—ฒ๐—ป๐˜๐—ถ๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—™๐˜‚๐—ป๐—ฐ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜€..........Cortisol suppresses non-essential bodily functions that are not immediately necessary for survival during a violent confrontation. These may include digestion, bladder, and immune function.


๐—˜๐—ป๐—ต๐—ฎ๐—ป๐—ฐ๐—ฒ๐—ฑ ๐—–๐—ผ๐—ด๐—ป๐—ถ๐˜๐—ถ๐˜ƒ๐—ฒ ๐—™๐˜‚๐—ป๐—ฐ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป..........Cortisol enhances cognitive function and alertness, allowing you to focus attention, make quick decisions, and respond effectively to the threat.


๐—ฅ๐—ฒ๐—ด๐˜‚๐—น๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—˜๐—บ๐—ผ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐—น ๐—ฅ๐—ฒ๐˜€๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜€๐—ฒ๐˜€..........Cortisol modulates emotional responses to stress, helping you regulate fear, anxiety, and aggression during violent confrontations.


๐—ง๐—ฒ๐—ฟ๐—บ๐—ถ๐—ป๐—ฎ๐˜๐—ถ๐—ผ๐—ป ๐—ผ๐—ณ ๐—ฆ๐˜๐—ฟ๐—ฒ๐˜€๐˜€ ๐—ฅ๐—ฒ๐˜€๐—ฝ๐—ผ๐—ป๐˜€๐—ฒ..........

Once the threat has been resolved or removed, cortisol levels begin to decline, and the stress response is gradually terminated. This allows the body to return to its baseline state of physiological functioning.


In summary, the HPA axis plays a vital role in preparing the body to respond to violent confrontations by mobilising energy resources, enhancing cognitive function, and regulating emotional responses to stress. Understanding the functioning of the HPA axis can provide insights into the physiological mechanisms underlying the body's response to threatening situations and inform strategies for managing stress and promoting resilience in high pressure environments.


DJN

Fendo UK

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